Cantonese is the second largest Chinese dialect spoken among Chinese in Malaysia. Minorities who lack Bumiputra status have established themselves in Malaysia. Population Pyramids: Malaysia - 2019. [69], Islam is thought to have been brought to Malaysia around the 12th century by Arab traders. National secondary schools use Malay as the main language of instruction. Meanwhile, the population aged 15–64 years old (working age) increased from 69.7 per cent in 2018 to 70.0 per cent in 2019. Both ethnicities worked mainly as clerks, public servants, teachers, hospital assistants, doctors and in other skilled professions. Despite the recognition of Islam as the state religion, the first 4 prime ministers have stressed that Malaysia could function as a secular state. Other bumiputera minorities to a lesser degree include the Malaysian Siamese, Khmers, Chams, Burmese and the Indian Muslims commonly known as Mamaks. Those who are not considered to be Bumiputras make up a considerable portion of the Malaysian population – non-Malays once constituted around 50% of the population of peninsula Malaya (1947–1957), but have since declined in percentage term due to a higher birthrate of Malays owing to favorable policies by the government as well as some degree of out-migration by the Chinese. On the other hand, it was reported that up to 10% of Malaysian Chinese are primarily English-speaking. Every citizen is issued a biometric smart chip identity card, known as MyKad, at the age of 12, and must carry the card at all times. During the British colonial rule, Indian labourers, who were mostly south Indian Tamils from Tamil Nadu and to a lesser extent others in South India, were brought to Malaya to work on sugarcane and coffee plantations, rubber and oil palm estates, construction of buildings, railways, roads and bridges. FAQs     Recent efforts to bring many facilities to other towns have been hampered by lack of expertise to run the available equipment. Other major cities in Malaysia include Ipoh, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching. Later on, some of them owned businesses that became large conglomerates in today's Malaysia. Private hospitals have not generally been seen as an ideal investment—it has often taken up to ten years before companies have seen any profits. Although the ethnic quota system favouring Malays at such universities was abolished in 2002, disparity of student intake still exists in these universities with underrepresentation of non-Bumiputras. The Malaysian population consists of people of different races, religions and race. Data from Department of Statistics Malaysia:[24] [25], Total fertility rate (TFR) by state according to year:[28], Average life expectancy at age 0 of the total population. A number of independent schools conduct classes in Malay and English in addition to Chinese, enabling the students to sit the PMR and SPM additionally. [66] Citizenship in the states of Sabah and Sarawak in Malaysian Borneo are distinct from citizenship in Peninsular Malaysia for immigration purposes. Regulation of sexual activities among the Muslim population is strict; with laws prohibiting unmarried couples from occupying a secluded area or a confined space to prevent suspicion of acts forbidden in Islam. [71], Muslims are obliged to follow the decisions of Syariah courts in matters concerning their religion. This is an increase of 1.51 % (486,888 people) compared to population of 32,159,031 the year before. Malaysia's population, according to the 2010 census, is 28,334,000 including non-citizens, which makes it the 42nd most populated country in the world. [69] Christianity constitutes a slim majority of the non-Malay Bumiputra community (50.1%) with an additional 36.3% identifying as Muslims while 7.3% follow folk religion. Perhaps not known … [12] The exact numbers are unknown: there are a million legal foreign workers and perhaps another million unauthorised foreigners. Demographics of Malaysia 2020. [35] Longhouses are mostly places along the Rajang and Lupar rivers and their tributaries, although many Iban have moved to the cities. The Malaysian government places importance on the expansion and development of health care, putting 5% of the government social sector development budget into public health care[85]—an increase of more than 47% over the previous figure. Population of Malaysia: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. Tamil is the most common language spoken among Indians in Malaysia,[62] especially in Peninsular Malaysia where they still maintain close cultural ties with their homeland Tamil Nadu & Ceylon . Kuala Lumpur's 2021 population is now estimated at 8,210,745.In 1950, the population of Kuala Lumpur was 261,528.Kuala Lumpur has grown by 213,915 since 2015, which represents a 2.67% annual change. This was largely due to the influence of the European education system, wherein children were taught the Latin alphabet. Population projections in 2017 show that the Malays and Bumiputeras comprised a total of 68.8% of the total population, Chinese 23.2% and Indians 7.0%. The only exceptions are Mathematics and Science and languages other than Malay, however this was only implemented in 2003, prior to which all non-language subjects were taught in Malay. Secondary students no longer sit for PMR in Form Three that has been abolished in 2014. [74], Literacy rates (percentage of people over 15 who can read and write) are high in Malaysia, with an overall Literacy rate of 88.7%. Update to date information about population of Malaysia in 2021. ethnically, but are people of Malaysia rather than Indonesia. Strategic Communication and International Division Sabah has a large amount of indigenous people, 28% of the population are Kadazan-Dusuns, and 17% are Bajaus.[10]. The largest group of Malaysians consist of three main races, namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. Malaysia's population, according to the 2010 census, is 28,334,000 including non-citizens, which makes it the 42nd most populated country in the world. Malayalam Language is used by the Malayalee ethnic group. Kota Kinabalu Urban Area Population Projections. Johor. Source: United Nations Population Division, 2019. [79] A programme called First Level Assessment (Penilaian Tahap Satu, PTS) taken during Primary Year 3 was abolished in 2001. There are a number of government-funded public universities in Malaysia, the most prominent of them being University of Malaya. [85], The country generally has an efficient and widespread system of health care. A major problem with the health care sector is the lack of medical centres for rural areas, which the government is trying to counter through the development of and expansion of a system called "tele-primary care". [70] Since then the religion has become the predominant religion of the country and is recognised as the state's official religion. Today, the city serves as the economic, financial, logistics and medical tourism hub in the northern region of Malaysia. Digital wallets, known as dompet digital in Malaysia, are the fourth most-used payment option, accounting for just seven percent of transactions. More than 85% of Malaysian Indians adhere to Hinduism. Malaysia has ~ 25.84 million active internet users (80 percent of the population) and the population has extremely high rates of mobile phone penetration. The Malaysia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Malaysia delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.. Malaysian officials are reported to have turned deportees directly over to human smugglers in 2007, and Malaysia employs RELA, a volunteer militia, to enforce its immigration law.[14]. [30] The following are the twenty-five largest ethnolinguistic groups in Malaysia; speakers of distinct dialects of a language may be grouped separately, for example Terengganu Malay and Kelantan Malay are grouped into East Coast Malay:[31], Bumiputras totaling 68.8% of Malaysia's population as of 2017 are divided into Muslim Malays proper, who make up the majority of the Malaysian population at 54.66%; and other bumiputra, who make up 14.14% of the Malaysian population, and most of whom belong to various Austronesian ethnic groups related to the Muslim Malays. In China, a Cantonese and a Hakka belong to different ethnic groups, but in Malaysia, all the Chinese see themselves as belonging to one ethnic group vis-à-vis the Malays and other Malaysians, and the Cantonese and Hakka are usually described as "dialect groups" or "speech-groups". Children of Chinese–Indian parentage are known as Chindians. A small minority of Malaysians do not fit into the broader ethnic groups. There is no general consensus on the ethnic profiling of children of mixed parentage. Located in two separate regions in the South China Sea, Malaysia is a small country with a fast-growing economy. At total level, the sex ratio remained at 107 males per 100 females since 2013. Despite that, English remains an active second language in many areas of Malaysian society and is taught as a compulsory subject in all public schools. 2019. People of Austronesian origin make up the majority of the population, and are known as the Bumiputras. Laws over who gets Bumiputra status vary between states. However, since the Islamisation movement of the 1980s and 90s, these aspects are often neglected or banned altogether. [4] The Chinese population has shrunk proportionally from 1957, when it was about 40% of Malaya,[5] although in absolute numbers they have increased around threefold by 2017 in Malaysia (2.4 million in 1957 to 6.6 million in 2017, the later figure include East Malaysia) but have been dwarfed by the fivefold increase of Malays (from around 3.1 million in 1957 to 15.5 million in 2017). However, the situation has now changed and companies are now exploring this area again, corresponding with the increased number of foreigners entering Malaysia for medical care and the recent government focus on developing the health tourism industry. The government has decided to abandon the use of English in teaching maths and science and revert to Bahasa Malaysia, starting in 2012.[80]. Orang Asli are the natives in Peninsular Malaysia and is generally divided into three major groups, namely the Negrito, Senoi and Proto-Malay. A majority of Cantonese speaking Chinese are the descendants of immigrants who came from the Chinese provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi in the mid 19th and early 20th centuries. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. However, the Non–citizen ratio was higher where in 2019, it was 163 males per 100 females. The decline was attributed to the decreased in both fertility rates and net international migration. DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA 2023 589,000 Students will sit a standardised test conducted by UCSCAM, which is known as the Unified Examination Certificate (UEC) in Junior Middle 3 (equivalent to PMR) and Senior Middle 3 (equivalent to A level). Fax : +603-8888 9248 62514, PUTRAJAYA In tandem with Malaysia's rapid development, the proportion of urban population increased to 71.0 per cent in 2010 compared with 62.0 per cent in 2000 (Chart 5). [10] Due to the rise in labour-intensive industries,[11] Malaysia is estimated to have over 3 million migrant workers, which is about 10% of the Malaysian population. They form the largest community in Malaysia and play a dominant role politically. Alor Star Urban Area Population Projections. Malaysian Chinese very long life, but also means they got the most old people. [1][8] The population distribution is highly uneven, with some 20 million residents concentrated in Peninsula Malaysia. Malaysian English also sees wide use in business, along with Manglish, which is a colloquial form of English with heavy Malay, Chinese languages and Tamil influences. However, in Malaysia as a whole, the majority of ethnic Chinese now speak Mandarin, a non-native language from northern China (originally spoken by the Beijing elite and chosen as the official language of China), as their first language, while English is the first language for the rest. [7][69], The majority of Malaysian Indians follow Hinduism (84.5%), with a significant minority identifying as Christians (7.7%), Sikhs (3.9%), Muslims (3.8%), and 1,000 Jains. The indigenous tribes are the oldest inhabitants of Malaysia, and the indigenous groups of Peninsular Malaysia are known collectively as Orang Asli and in East Malaysia as "Orang Asal". Tel : 03-8885 7000 Malaysia contains speakers of 137 living languages,[56] 41 of which are found in Peninsula Malaysia. Of the 32.25 million Malaysians (January 2019 data), 25 million are social media users, 40.24 million mobile subscriptions , and 24 million use social media on their mobile devices. The Population of Malaysia (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019. This has meant an overall increase of more than RM 2 billion. [86] Infant mortality rate in 2009 was 6 deaths per 1000 births, and life expectancy at birth in 2009 was 75 years. [13], Additionally, according to the World Refugee Survey 2008, published by the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI), Malaysia hosts a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering approximately 155,700. According to latest projection of the 2010 census, the fertility rates of the 3 largest Malaysian groups are as follows: Malay/Bumiputera: 2.4 children per woman, Chinese: 1.4 children per woman and Indian: 1.8 children per woman. A lion dances in front of the Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, one of the traditional Chinese-majority Catholic parishes in Penang, Malaysia, on Feb. 4, 2019. [44] Indians were brought in to Malaysia during the British colonial period in late 18th century and early 19th centuries. There is still, however, a significant shortage in the medical workforce, especially of highly trained specialists; thus, certain medical care and treatment are available only in large cities. [91] The Government has also been trying to promote Malaysia as a health care destination, regionally and internationally.[85]. The second largest ethnic group at 6.69 million are the Chinese who make up 23% of the population excluding non-citizens as of 2018. The demographics of Malaysia are represented by the multiple ethnic groups that exist in the country. However, unlike government schools, independent schools are autonomous. The 2019 population density in Malaysia is 97 people per Km 2 (252 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 328,550 Km2 (126,854 sq. This is because there are far fewer Indians in East Malaysia than in the Peninsula. [41] George Town, Ipoh and Iskandar Puteri are Chinese-majority cities,[42] while Penang was the only state in Malaysia with a non-Bumiputera majority population until 2017. [10], Citizenship is usually granted by lex soli. See notes. Large Chinese and Indian minorities also exist. Despite making up almost a quarter of the population, in 2010 only 5.8% of Malay’s civil service was ethnically Chinese. The Peranakan culture is still visible to this day in the former Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang. Despite being the supreme courts of the land, the Civil Courts (including the Federal Court) do not hear matters related to Islamic practices,[73] as ratified by Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad in the late 1980s. The Nepalese are mostly migrant workers from Nepal totalling 356,199[52][53][54] of which Malaysian Citizens are as little over 600 and lives in Rawang, Selangor. By definition of the Malaysian constitution, all Malays are Muslims. The composition of the population aged 0–14 years old (young age) in 2019 decreased from 23.8 per cent in 2018 to 23.3 per cent. Together with the surrounding towns including Butterworth, Sungai Petani, Kulim, Bandar Baharu and Parit Buntar, it forms Greater Penang, the nation's second largest conurbation with a population of about 2.5 million. ", Population by Age Group (1963–2010), Department of Statistics Malaysia, "UNSD – Demographic and Social Statistics", 9 February 2007 – Statistics Department, Malaysia – Vital statistics, 9 February 2007 – Statistics Department, Malaysia – Demographic key rates, "World Population Prospects, the 2019 Revision",, "Demographic Statistics Third Quarter 2020, Malaysia", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "PM asked to clarify mixed-race bumiputra status", "Geography of Wealth — Iban People/Malaysia Profile", "KadazanDusun, Kadazan Dusun Sabahan | ABC Sabah Malaysia", "Environmental Justice Case Study: Displacement of Indigenous People in Sarawak, Malaysia", "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2017 – 2018", "Table 8.1 : Total population by ethnic group, Local Authority area and state, Malaysia, 2010 Negeri : PERAK", "Chinese, and truly Malaysian – Nation – The Star Online", "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2016 – 2017", "Non-resident Indian and Person of Indian Origin", "Indian Fulbright scholar Honored by Malaysian PM", "Total migrant workers from Terai Madhesh of Nepal to Malaysia", "1 in 10 madhesi of Madhesi are migrant workers in Malaysia : Nepali times", "Madhesi are recognizes Nepali first in Qatar, Malaysia and India", "African migrants aspire to a better life in Asia", "Ethnologue report for Malaysia (Peninsular)", "Math and Science back to Bahasa, mother tongues", "Language Log: Malaysia cracks down on "salad language, Constitution of Malaysia:Article 160 (2)-1, "Malaysia moving forward in matters of Islam and women by Marina Mahathir – Common Ground News Service", "Unmarried couples caught in Malaysia hotel raids", "Malay groups want vernacular schools abolished", "In Malaysia, English Ban Raises Fears for Future", "Is Malaysia university entry a level playing field? Many Chinese feel that their interests are not being represented by the Malaysian Chinese Association, one of the parties that form the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has maintained rule since 1969. [21][22] All key rates sampled per 1000 of population. Both local and international students can acquire these identical foreign qualifications in Malaysia at a lower fee. Secondary education in Malaysia is conducted in secondary schools (Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan) for five years. The total population in Malaysia was estimated at 32.6 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. Malaysia’s population in 2019 is estimated at 32.6 million, increased from 32.4 million as compared to 2018. The Iban form the largest of all indigenous groups, numbering over 600,000 (35% of Sarawak's population), who mostly still live in traditional longhouses which can hold up to 200 people. 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